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Edvard Munch.The Scream.
1893. Oil, tempera, and pastel on cardboard.
91 x 73.5 cm.
Nasjonalgalleriet (National Gallery), Oslo, Norway.
     "The Scream (Skrik)" is a seminal series of expressionist paintings by Norwegian artist Edvard Munch, depicting an agonised figure against a blood red sky. The landscape in the background is Oslofjord, viewed from the hill of Ekeberg, in Oslo (then Kristiania), Norway. The original German title given to the work by Munch was "Der Schrei der Natur (The Scream of Nature)". The Norwegian word skrik is usually translated as scream, but is cognate with the English shriek. Occasionally, the painting has been called The Cry.
     In a page in his diary headed Nice 22.01.1892, Munch described his inspiration for the image thus: “I was walking along a path with two friends—the sun was setting—suddenly the sky turned blood red — I paused, feeling exhausted, and leaned on the fence—there was blood and tongues of fire above the blue-black fjord and the city—my friends walked on, and I stood there trembling with anxiety—and I sensed an infinite scream passing through nature.”
     "The Scream" has been the target of several high-profile art thefts. In 1994, the version in the National Gallery was stolen. It was recovered several months later. In 2004, "The Scream" and "Madonna" were stolen from the Munch Museum. Both paintings were recovered in 2006. They had sustained some damage and went back on display in May 2008, after undergoing restoration.

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